Files in This Item:
File Format
b1549410.mp4Streaming VideoView/Open
Title: Genome-wide Views of the Mechanisms of Transcriptional Regulation
Originating Office: IAS
Speaker: Lis, John
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2016
Event Date: 8-Jan-2016
Group/Series/Folder: Record Group 8.15 - Institute for Advanced Study
Series 3 - Audio-visual Materials
Location: 8.15:3 EF
Notes: IAS distinguished lecture.
Title from opening screen.
Abstract: RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) is the molecular machine that transcribes all the protein-encoding mRNAs as well as a spectrum of non-coding regulatory RNAs. The distribution of Pol II reveals not only location and levels of transcription of these transcribed genes, but also, the distinctive patterns of divergent transcription that can be used to identify the active promoters and enhancers that regulate these genes. Moreover, by monitoring changes in the distribution of Pol II across genomes in response either to regulatory signals and to directed perturbations of transcription factors, the distinct steps in transcription that are regulated can be elucidated. With increasing positional and temporal resolution provided by new, genome-wide nuclear run-on and chromatin assays, it is able to gain critical insights into the mechanisms governing how polymerases initiate and elongate through transcription units, and into how these processes are regulated. In this presentation, the speaker will provide a comprehensive genome-wide view of the rapid and dramatic changes in transcription that accompany the stress response, a long used model for gene studying regulation, and the protein factors and molecular mechanisms that regulate this reprogramed transcriptional response in both Drosophila and mammals.
Prof John Lis obtained his BS in Chemistry from Fairfield University in 1970 and PhD in Biochemistry from Brandeis University in 1975. He then proceeded with his postdoctoral work focused on Drosophila gene regulation and chromosome structure at Stanford University and joined Cornell University as an Assistant Professor in 1978. He is currently the Barbara McClintock Professor of Molecular Biology and Genetics in Cornell University.
Prof Lis’s research developed and used a variety of strategies to study the structure of promoters and genes and the mechanisms of their regulation in living cells. His main model system has been the heat shock genes. These genes can undergo a 200-fold activation of transcription in response to small change in temperature and other cellular stresses.
Prof Lis received the US National Institutes of Health MERIT Award in 1995. He was also elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the US National Academy of Sciences.
Duration: 85 min.
Appears in Series:8.15:3 - Audio-visual Materials
Videos for Public -- Distinguished Lectures