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Title: Probabilistic Nano-Mechanical Finite Weakest-Link Model for Quasibrittle Structure Strength, Crack Growth, Lifetime and Fatigue
Originating Office: IAS
Speaker: Bazant, Z. P.
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2015
Event Date: 8-Jan-2015
Group/Series/Folder: Record Group 8.15 - Institute for Advanced Study
Series 3 - Audio-visual Materials
Location: 8.15:3 EF
Notes: IAS/SENG joint lecture.
Title from opening screen.
Abstract: The lecture begins by reviewing the statistical and energetic size effect on the mean strength of quasibrittle structures. Kramer's rule of transition rate theory for the frequency or probability of nano-crack jumps, and some new simple rules for the multiscale transition to material scale, are used to show that the type of probability distribution of structural strength depends on the structure size and geometry. On the scale of the representative volume element of material, the probability distribution of strength is found to be Gaussian, with a remote Weibullian tail. The structure size effect is based on the weakest-link statistics for a chain whose length is not infinite but finite. For increasing structure size, the Weibullian portion gradually spreads into the Gaussian core and, for very large sizes, the distribution becomes purely Weibullian. Based on an atomistic derivation of the power law for creep crack growth, it is further shown that a similar change of distribution occurs for structure lifetime. The theory is further extended to the size dependence of Paris law and Basquin law for fatigue fracture and statistics of fatigue lifetime. Based only on a few common hypotheses, the theory describes well the existing experimental results on the monotonic strength, static and fatigue crack growth rate, and static and fatigue lifetimes, including their distributions and size effects on the distributions. One practical consequence is that the safety factors for large quasibrittle structures, e.g. concrete structures, airframes or ship hulls made of composites, and ceramic micro-devices, must depend on their size and shape. Another is that the static and fatigue lifetimes can be predicted from tests of size effect on the mean short-time strength and of crack growth rate. An interesting mathematical analogy predicting the lifetime of new nano-scale high-k dielectrics is pointed out. Finally, the extension to structures failing after large stable crack growth is pointed out and some implications for computer analysis of quasibrittle structures are outlined.
Prof Zdenek P. Bazant received his PhD in 1963. He joined Northwestern University in 1969, and is currently McCormick Institute Professor and Walter P. Murphy Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering.
Prof Bazant’s research interests include mechanics of materials and structures, structural safety, with emphasis on the mechanics of fracture, damage and creep, structural stability, finite strain, size effects and scaling, probabilistic mechanics, nano-mechanics, diffusion and hygrothermal effects, and with applications to concrete, fiber composites, tough ceramics, rocks, gas shale, soils, thin films, bone, snow and sea ice.
Prof Bazant received numerous awards including the Timoshenko, Nadai & Warner Medals, von Karman, Newmark, Biot and Croes Medals, and Huber, Lifetime Achievement and TY Lin Awards, and L’Hermite Medal, etc. He is a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences, the US National Academy of Engineering, Academia Europaea, and the Royal Academy of Engineering of Spain, and also a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Duration: 84 min.
Appears in Series:8.15:3 - Audio-visual Materials
6.2.1:3 - Audio-visual Materials
Videos for Public -- Distinguished Lectures