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Title: Gravitational Lenses of the Dark Universe
Originating Office: IAS
Speaker: Amara, Adam
Issue Date: 31-May-2011
Event Date: 31-May-2011
Group/Series/Folder: Record Group 8.15 - Institute for Advanced Study
Series 3 - Audio-visual Materials
Location: 8.15:3 box 1.7
Notes: IAS Conference on Cosmology since Einstein.
IAS title: Talk 7: 'Gravitational Lenses of the Dark Universe'.
Abstract: Gravitational lensing, which occurs when the light from distant objects is bent as it passes by matter, is a uniquely powerful tool in astronomy. It allows us to make direct measurements of the unseen components of the Universe, including dark matter and dark energy, which dominate the Universe around us but are not understood. Explaining these two dark components remains one of the key unresolved issues in fundamental physics today. This lecture introduces the basic physical principles of gravitational lensing and shows how it can be used on cosmological scales to measure the properties of dark matter and dark energy. The focus is on a gravitational lensing technique known as ‘cosmic shear’, which has allowed us to map the three‐dimensional distribution of the dark matter around us. In addition to its potentials in exploring dark matter and dark energy, the utility of gravitational lensing extends well beyond cosmology. It can be used to measure the detailed dynamics of stars, as well as detecting large populations of Earth‐like planets outside our solar system. Prof Amara concludes by discussing how on‐going and future experiments in cosmic shear will continue to give us unprecedented insights into the inner workings and evolutionary history of the Universe.
Duration: 36 min.
Appears in Series:8.15:3 - Audio-visual Materials
Videos for Public -- Distinguished Lectures