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Title: Grain Growth, Shape, and Topology in All Dimensions: beyond von Neumann
Originating Office: IAS
Speaker: Srolovitz, David
Issue Date: 10-Mar-2011
Event Date: 10-Mar-2011
Group/Series/Folder: Record Group 8.15 - Institute for Advanced Study
Series 3 - Audio-visual Materials
Location: 8.15:3 box 1.7
Notes: IAS Distinguished Lecture.
Abstract: Metals and ceramics commonly consist of space-filling arrays of single crystal grains separated by a network of grain boundaries. Foams (froths) are networks of gas-filled bubbles separated by liquid walls. Cellular structures also occur in biological tissue, magnetic, ferroelectric, and complex fluid contexts. In many situations, the cell/grain/bubble walls move under the influence of their surface tension (capillarity), with a velocity proportional to the wall's mean curvature. As a result, the cells evolve and the structure coarsens. Using this relation between velocity and mean curvature, the fact that three domain walls meet at 120 degrees and basic topology, von Neumann gave an exact formula for the growth rate of a cell in a 2-d cellular structure. This is the basis of modern grain growth and foam coarsening theory. The speaker will present an exact, and much sought, extension of this fifty-year old result into three (and higher) dimensions. The speaker will also show recent results that use the ideas behind this theory for efficient, accurate simulations of grain growth microstructures and bubble dynamics and new approaches to characterizing microstructure topology.
Prof David Srolovitz is an eminent computational materials scientist who is holding the leadership position as Executive Director of Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC), Singapore. His current research interests include microstructural evolution, film growth, and mechanical deformation and defects in crystals. He is the author of over 400 scholarly articles published widely in materials science, physics, and mechanics literatures including Nature, PNAS, Acta Materialia, Physical Review Letters, etc. He is holder of several patents and recipient of honors from dozens of professional organizations.
Duration: 95 min.
Appears in Series:8.15:3 - Audio-visual Materials
Videos for Public -- Distinguished Lectures